Updated: Mar 13
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An air conditioner, or more properly, an air conditioner unit is a mechanical-electrical system that treats air in an enclosed area through a refrigeration cycle in which warm air is removed and replaced with cooler air.
The most important process in the operation of air conditioners is the 'refrigeration cycle'. In the refrigeration cycle, which is similar to what happens in a refrigerator, a pump transfers heat from a lower temperature source into a higher temperature heat sink. In other words, warm air is 'refrigerated' and then with the help of fans, pumped out and circulated in a closed space. This is the most common type of air conditioning.
How Inverter Air Conditioners Works
Inverter air conditioners work with an in-built inverter and battery system. An inverter is an electrical system that draws DC from either a battery or solar panel and converts it to AC for use in appliances. Inverter air conditioners depend on such inverter and battery system to produce the power for the air conditioner. Of course, they also incorporate circuits that protect the air conditioner from damage.